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Fainting is something which you can come across at all sorts of times. People faint for loads of different reasons. There can be all sorts of different triggers or causes of someone fainting. It could be the fact that they have not eaten much. It could be they have overexerted. It could be that they're just pressured, or maybe they just get up too quickly. When someone faints, it's because there's not enough oxygen-rich blood in their brain. And what's happening, is the brain in the body is telling you it feels dizzy and it feels lightheaded, because it needs more oxygen. As this goes a lot worse, or if it happens quickly, it might well straight away happen, is that the brain will say, "I need to lay down." So, what can happen is someone can faint. And when someone does faint, they will fall to the floor. Now, the hope is, is when they have fallen to the floor there's no injury. In this example we are not covering any injuries, to make it simpler just look at the exercise of fainting.

So, when you have someone who has fainted, again, you still need to approach them in the same way. Often when they have fainted, they will hit the ground and then very quickly, they will start to come round, as the blood flow gets back to the brain. They might be embarrassed. They might be scared. There are all sorts of emotions could be going on. But the person in this situation, we need to keep them down at the minute, to lay them on the floor. In order to keep more oxygen-rich blood getting into their brain, find something underneath their legs. Put underneath their legs. In this example, we are using some cushions. Now, what we are trying to do is get the legs elevated 15-30 centimetres, this is around about 6 to 12 inches. So, we lift the legs up and what that's doing is draining blood in the legs into the main part of the body.

Now if someone does start feeling better, it may be that you can then assist them and get them up and get them seated. If they keep on feeling dizzy, then you've got to call emergency services. This is one of those times where you need to use your judgement on what you're actually going to do. If you do get them up in the seated position and then they feel dizzy again, lay them down, back with elevating their legs and that's the time when we do need to call emergency services. If someone's going to be fainting on a regular basis, then it's a very good idea you go to your doctor and get checked out. It may be something quite simple that you're on the wrong medication, or there's something that the doctor can do. So if you are fainting on a regular basis then definitely see your GP.