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Broken bones or suspected broken bones should be immobilised, but this does not always mean strapping the bone.  Care must be taken to avoid moving the limb when putting any dressing on.  You can use a folded magazine as a makeshift splint or a commercial splint.  Tie them on either side of the break and place arms in a low sling, not an elevation sling.

With a dislocated shoulder, you can place the arm in a low sling and then use another sling(made into a long bandage) over the arm and round the body to stop the arm from moving. 

Fingers can be splinted using a pen or ruler secured to the next finger. Broken legs should be left and the EMS activated. 

·      Fractures are cracks in the bones.

·      Closed breaks or fractures are where the bone is broken completely.

·      Compound fractures are where the bone punctures the skin.

·      Complicated breaks are where nerve damage has also occurred.

·      Dislocations are where a joint comes apart.

Ligaments hold joints together and tendons attach the muscles to the bone.

A strain is an injury to muscles and tendons.

A sprain is an injury to the ligaments surrounding a joint.

Both sprains and strains are treated the same way. The way to remember this is the pneumonic RICE.

R - Rest the limb

I - Apply ice to reduce swelling

C - Compression with a crepe bandage

E - Elevate the limb to reduce swelling