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There are different types of bleeding and in next module, we will look at controlling serious bleeding.

There are four main types of bleeding:


2.    VENOUS



Your heart pumps blood from one side into the lungs and then sucks it back from the lungs into the other side of the heart where it is pumped out through your arteries, then to your bodies organs and capillaries It returns back to the heart via the venous systems through your veins.

The types of bleeding can easily be identified by the colour and the way the blood leaves the body.

Capillary Bleeding: Is the least serious bleed and this is where blood oozes through the skin like a small cut or graze, Capillary bleeding usually stops with little or no effort. It can easily be controlled-ensure that the wound is clean and apply a gauze dressing or adhesive dressing if necessary.

Venous Bleeding: Can be identified by a steady, non-pulsing flow of very dark red blood. It is dark red because it has a low level of oxygen and is returning to the heart; this is a serious bleed.

Arterial Bleeding: This is the most serious type of bleed, this is bright red and pulsing as it comes through the skin, it is bright red because it has come from the heart and lungs and is oxygenated.

Internal Bleeding: Can occur for various reasons including illness and impact. This can be identified by bruising and signs of shock. Controlling internal bleeding will require EMS. The first aid treatment is the same as for shock, which will be covered later. 

When possible, ask the patient to elevate the wound and apply direct pressure to the wound while you are putting on your gloves. 

Inspect the wound and look for the exact point where the bleeding is coming from and activate the EMS.

Using direct pressure apply a gauze pad or pressure bandage starting at the furthest point away from the heart and bandaging towards the heart.

If the blood seeps through apply another pressure dressing on top of the first. If blood comes through the second dressing, remove them both and start again, ensuring that pressure is applied accurately at the point of bleeding.